Q: Twenty years ago, I performed Hajj with a colleague of mine. We made the intention to observe Sawm (Fast) or offer Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims), as when we arrived in Makkah we performed `Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage), then we went to Al-Ta'if for some days. Then we returned to Makkah and performed Hajj in full. However, we did not observe Sawm or offer Hady, as my colleague suggested that we should offer Hady first, so we did not observe Sawm in the first days of Dhul-Hijjah. However, we ran out of money and could not buy the Hady, so we did not slaughter. Thus we could neither observe Sawm nor offer Hady. In Makkah, we threw some cereal to the pigeons of the Haram (all areas within the Sacred Sanctuary of Makkah) for three days, half a Sa` (1 Sa` = 3 kg. approx.) on each day. Then, we returned to our country where I slaughtered a sheep, as a recompense for the days that I did not fast and the Hady that I did not offer and invited my neighbors to eat from it.

Kindly, answer my question in detail and guide me to what I should do. May Allah reward you with the best. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah's Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

A: Having studied the Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) request, the Committee answered that the Mutamatti` (pilgrim performing `Umrah during the months of Hajj, followed by Hajj in the same year with a break in between) and Qarin (pilgrim combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between) should offer Hady, which is a sheep meeting the same conditions for Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), one-seventh of a cow, or one seventh of a camel. If you could not do this. you should fast for ten days; three during Hajj and seven after returning to your homeland. It is better to fast these three days on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of Dhul-Hijjah while you are still Muhrim (pilgrim in the ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). If not, fast the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah).

As for you slaughtering a sheep in your country and feeding the pigeon with cereal in the Haram, this is not sufficient to discharge the obligation. You have to slaughter a sheep meeting the same conditions for Ud-hiyah in Makkah as a recompense and distribute it amongst the poor people of the Haram. You are allowed to eat from it. If you cannot not offer it, you can fast for ten days in your country.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Member Member Member Member Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzan `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz