Q: Should the intention of Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) be pronounced? How should it be declared if a pilgrim is performing Hajj on behalf of another person?

A: The place of intention is the heart, and it is established by the person intending by the heart to perform Hajj for themselves or others such as their brother, so and so or the son of so and so. It is also Mustahab (desirable) to say along with this: "Labbayk Allahumma Hajj on behalf of so and so or the son of so and so." (Here I am, O Allah for Hajj on behalf of so and so or the son of so and so) to confirm their intention. The Messenger (peace be upon him) pronounced Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and `Umrah) in both Hajj and `Umrah, therefore, this shows that it is valid to do so out of following him (peace be upon him). The Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) used to do this as well, according to what the Prophet (peace be upon him) taught them to do; they even used to pronounce it out loud. This is the Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet).

However, if a person refrains from doing this and settles for establishing the intention in the heart only, this is sufficient. Afterwards, they should perform the rituals of Hajj just like a pilgrim does for themselves; they may pronounce Talbiyah without mentioning the name of so and so as if they are doing it for themselves, but if a pilgrim names a person in Hajj or Umrah, regarding Talbiyah; it is better to continue to pronounce it like other pilgrims, saying: Labbayka Allahumma labbayk, labbayka la sharika laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wal-ni`mata laka wal-mulk, la sharika lak (Here I am, O Allah! Here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Verily, all praise and blessings are Yours, and all sovereignty. You have no partner. Here I am, the Deity of Truth, here I am". What is meant is that a person should offer Talbiyah for themselves without mentioning any one except in the beginning of the rituals, for they should say then: Labbayk Allahumma Hajj, `Umrah or both on behalf of so and so. This is the best with regard to the first thing to do when intending to start Ihram.

[Fataawa Shaykh Ibn Baaz]

See Also: Uttering the intention to perform Hajj or `Umrah out loud

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