Q: My father performed Hajj last year and was so ill that he could not assume Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). What is the ruling on him?

A: If a pilgrim assumes Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) in his or her ordinary clothes due to having a cold or suffering from an illness or so, he or she is legally excused. It is obligatory for the person who wears sewn clothes to observe Sawm (Fast) for three days, provide food for six needy people with half a Sa` from the common foodstuff in the country for each needy person, or slaughter a sacrificial animal. The same ruling applies to the person who covers his head. It is sufficient for the person to observe Sawm anywhere, but he has to feed six people or slaughter the sacrificial animal at the Sacred Zone of Makkah.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Member Member Deputy Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Mani` `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify