Ramadhaan 1429 Question and Answer Session #2

by Shaykh Ali ibn Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Hudhayfi (حفظه الله تعالى)

on Saturday, September 6th, 2008

 

Introduction to the Shaykh

Today we are blessed to have with us our honourable Shaykh, a well known scholar from Madeenah, Shaykh Dr. Ali Ibn Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Hudhayfi حفظه الله. He is a well known scholar of the Qur’aan and a famous recitor who is well-known throughout the world. He is the imaam and khateeb of the Prophet's masjid as well as a professor at the Islaamic University of Madeenah. 

We thank him for making himself available, and we ask Allaah to reward him tremendously. Before he answers your questions which were posted on our forum at albaseerah.org, he will give a short naseehah (advice) about this blessed month.

 

Advice of The Shaykh

The Shaykh حفظه الله began by praising Allaah سبحانه وتعالى the Lord and Owner of everything in existence, and by sending the salaat and the salaam upon the final Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. He then said:

I extend greetings to you from this blessed place, a greeting that Allaah سبحانه وتعالى legislated for the Muslims, a greeting in which there is peace, safety, goodness and blessings Assalaamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuh. I ask Allaah سبحانه وتعالى to accept from me, you and the rest of the Muslims the fasting during this month of Ramadhaan.

In this month Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has decreed that I have a meeting with you the Muslims in the United States, through a tele-link. This is from the blessings of Allaah that He bestowed upon us; it is upon us to use the blessings of Allaah in pleasing Him, for indeed if you were to try and count the amount of blessings that Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has blessed us with, you will not be able to count them. If the servants of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى were to use these blessings in obedience to Allaah, in worshipping Him, and with what benefits them in their Deen (religion) and their dunyaa, then indeed they would be content in the life of this world and successful in the life of this world as well as in the Hereafter. However, Allaah سبحانه وتعالى states in the Qur’aan,

وَقَلِيلٌ مِنْ عِبَادِيَ الشَّكُورُ

{But few of My slaves are grateful.} [As-Saba’ 34:13]

 

This month is a blessed month. This month that is now upon us, it is a month full of bounty, a month in which Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has placed all types of goodness. Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has blessed the Muslims by giving them the opportunity to practice righteous deeds in it and also as expiation for their sins. When we know the virtues of Ramadhaan, that it is a blessed month and it is a month of goodness as the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “If people know what goodness Ramadhaan consists of, my ummah would wish the whole year was Ramadhaan.”[1] Then, these are from the bounties of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى upon us.

Allaah سبحانه وتعالى legislated for us and Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has taught us. Were it not that He taught us and gave us this legislation, we would not know how to worship our Rabb (Lord) سبحانه وتعالى. So the greatest bounty of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى upon the children of Aadam is that He allows them to worship Him, associating no partners with Him in that worship, and to draw close to Him سبحانه وتعالى with all that pleases Him; to obey Him, and not disobey Him, and to draw close to Him سبحانه وتعالى by forsaking sins and staying as far away as possible from them. Indeed worshipping Allaah سبحانه وتعالى is by practicing obedience to Him and staying away from all prohibitions, with sincerity to Him سبحانه وتعالى, seeking His forgiveness, practicing all that He has obligated, forsaking everything that He has prohibited, being upon the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم and having knowledge of what Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has legislated according to the Sunnah.

Allaah سبحانه وتعالى blessed us by teaching us how to worship Him. He did not create us and then leave us without any purpose. Rather He sent Messengers and He revealed books to these Messengers. The last from amongst these Messengers is the best of the first generations as well as the last generations; he is Muhammad ibn `Abdillaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. Allaah سبحانه وتعالى revealed the best Book to him with the most beautiful stories and He completed this legislation through him; Allaah سبحانه وتعالى said,

إِنَّ هَذَا الْقُرْآَنَ يَهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّر الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا

{Verily, this Qur'an guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allaah and His Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise).} [Al-Israa’ 17:9]

So if Allaah سبحانه وتعالى had not taught us this legislation, we would have not have known it, rather we would not have known anything.

Allaah سبحانه وتعالى mentions His blessings upon His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم to him. Allaah says,

وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ

{…and taught you that which you knew not.} [An-Nisaa’ 4:113]

And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says,

وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ رُوحًا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا مَا كُنْتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلَا الْإِيمَانُ وَلَكِنْ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُورًا نَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ نَشَاءُ مَنْ عِبَادِنَا وَإِنَّكَ لَتَهْدِي إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

{And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) Rooh (a revelation, and a mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith. But We have made it (this Qur’aan) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) are indeed guiding (mankind) to a Straight Path (i.e. Allaah's religion of Islaamic Monotheism).} [Ash-Shooraa 42:52]

And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says,

حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلَاةِ الْوُسْطَى وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ (238) فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ فَرِجَالًا أَوْ رُكْبَانًا فَإِذَا أَمِنْتُمْ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ كَمَا عَلَّمَكُمْ مَا لَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْلَمُونَ

{Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawaat (the prayers) especially the middle Salaat (i.e. the best prayer - 'Asr). And stand before Allaah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salaat (prayers)]. And if you fear (an enemy), perform Salaat (pray) on foot or riding. And when you are in safety, offer the Salaat (prayer) in the manner He has taught you, which you knew not (before).} [Al-Baqarah 2:238-9]

And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says,

هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آَيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ

{He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur'aan, Islaamic laws and Islaamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم). And verily, they had been before in manifest error.}

[Al-Jumu`ah 62:2]

So teaching us the legislation of Islaam is a great bounty from Allaah upon us. We must be grateful to Allaah سبحانه وتعالى and act upon what we have knowledge of; this is the fruit of knowledge.

 

Questions & Answers

1. Question: I would be staying at my parent's home, and it is very possible that `Eed will fall on that day. If so, I'll be in a confused state about when to celebrate `Eed because I live in a community where there are two or three divisions when it comes to Ramadhaan and `Eed. I follow the global sighting, and they often follow the local sighting. The masjid I go to also follows global sighting, and this is where I'd like to go for `Eed salaah inshaa’ Allah. But if the day I or my masjid celebrate differs from my parents, and I'm staying in the same home, is it okay to celebrate on different days?

Answer: The Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Fast when you see it and stop fasting when you see it."[2] Concerning the differences in global sightings of the moon, then it was narrated that Ibn Abbaas رضي الله عنهما considered these differences. In any case, every area has its own global sighting. So if there is a proper search in your area for the moon and the moon has been sighted, then this sighting is considered; meaning the trustworthy people witnessed that they sighted the moon then the Muslims should act upon this. So if trustworthy people searched for and sighted the moon of Shawwaal then this is when you should break your fast in this area. There is a hadeeth on the authority of Ibn Abbaas رضي الله عنهما that he sent his servant to Ash-Shaam and the people of Ash-Shaam were fasting on a different day to the people of Madeenah; meaning that each area fasted according to the sighting of the moon in its area. However, some scholars hold the opinion that if one country has sighted the moon then this is sufficient for the rest of the world. And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى knows best.

 

2. Question: Some prisoners have to take medication on a regular basis and have to go to the pharmacy at 6:00 p.m. which is before Maghrib. If they do not take the medication they will be placed in confinement. What do you advise them to do in this situation, because they know this will break their fast?

Answer: If any medication in the form of pills or liquid is taken during the day, before the sun sets, it will nullify the fast, whether he was forced to take it or not. If it is in the form of a needle it will not break the fast according to the fatwa of some of the people of knowledge. However, if the needle gives him nourishment then it takes the ruling of food and drink and would break his fast. What he must do is delay the medication and refrain from taking it whilst fasting.

It is upon the prison to respect the religion of these Muslims and they must allow them to delay their medication because it is Islaam that legislated fasting and it Islaam which determines when the fasting start and ends. It starts at Fajr and ends when the sun sets and this is when we can eat. So these prison/establishments must respect this person’s religion and allow him to take his medication after sunset. If he takes this medication before sunset then he has broken his fast. What he should do is refuse to take it or delay it to after he breaks fast.

However, if the prisoner is sick and his sickness necessitates that he takes the medicine then it is permissible for him to refrain from fasting. If the illness necessitates that he takes the medication but he wants to fast and it would not harm him to continue fasting then he must refrain from taking the medication (until after sunset). Allaah سبحانه وتعالى said,

فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ

{…So, whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadhaan, i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month…} [Al-Baqarah 2:185]

It is an obligation upon him to fast, but if he is sick he may break his fast. However, if he is weak and does not need to take this medication, nor does he want to take the medication but they are making him take it at this time then he must refrain from taking it and delay it for another time, even if he is being ordered to do so (take it whilst fasting). And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى knows best.


3. Question: Some prisoners have illnesses such that if they stop taking their medication it will cause them harm. They have heard that the Muslim, whose illness will cause him harm if he does not take his medication, will have to feed a poor person for each day (not fasted during Ramadhaan). However, they do not have the ability to feed a poor person for each day due to their situation of being prisoners with no money. They would like to know if they are excused from feeding a poor person.

Answer: If the person is sick such that fasting will increase his illness or he would be harmed by it, then it is permissible for him to break his fast (i.e. refrain from fasting) as Allaah سبحانه وتعالى said,

وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ

{…and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days…} [Al-Baqarah 2:185]

If he does not believe that he would be cured then it is permissible for him to break his fast (i.e. not fast) and feed a poor person for each day missed. For example, one who has a continuous illness and the doctor told him that there is no cure for it then instead of fasting he can feed a poor person for every day missed.

However, if this illness has a cure and he is going to be cured, then he may break his fast at the time of his illness, but after Ramadhaan he must make up every day which he missed. So if he cannot fast due to a continuous illness then he feeds a poor person. However, if it is not a continuous illness and he hopes that he will be cured then he must make up every single day that he missed as fasting stays upon him and if he cannot find anything as a kaffarah (expiation) then it is as Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says,

لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا

{Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope…} [Al-Baqarah 2:286]


4. Question: What is the ruling on someone who has difficulty fasting due to illness?

Answer: The ruling here differs. If this person is sick then it is permissible as previously mentioned, for the sick person to break his fast and after Ramadhaan make up the days he missed. However if this person just has a weak resolve and he is not sick and the only reason why he is breaking his fast is because he is weak, then this is a tremendous sin and even if he fasted a whole month in order to make up for this, it would not make it up because whoever breaks his fast with no excuse at all during Ramadhaan has indeed committed a tremendous sin.


5. Question: If a person misses his taraaweeh to be offered with the jamaa`ah (congregation) because he is delayed, is it permissible for him to offer taraaweeh after coming home, by holding the Qur'aan in his hand?

Answer: One may recite from the mushaf in salaatut-taraaweeh and salaatul-qiyaam. For example, if one has not memorized the Qur’aan and is praying at his home and leading some people in prayer then it is permissible for him to read from the mushaf while he is praying salaatut-taraaweeh or salaatul-qiyaam because the servant of `Aaishah's (رضي الله عنها) used to lead her in prayer while reading from the mushafwhen he was praying salaatul-qiyaam. There is no problem in doing so for one who has not memorized the Qur’aan. It is only in the naafilah (i.e. supererogatory prayers not in the obligatory prayers) that it is permissible for a person to read from the mushaf while praying.

 

6. Question: Regarding the pregnant and breastfeeding women - is it incumbent upon them to pay and also make up the (missed) fasts? This could make it quite difficult for us. What is the case of a sister who has a health condition?

Answer: In these situations regarding the pregnant woman or the woman who is breastfeeding, if an illness and pregnancy is combined then it is permissible for her to break her fast and upon her is qadaa’ only without feeding. That is, it is upon her to only make up the days she missed, and it is not an obligation upon her to feed (the poor).

 

7. Question: I am an insulin-reliant diabetic and breastfeeding my 10 month old. What is upon me with regards to fasting?

Answer: If this sisters is going to experience hardships with fasting due to her illness, for example she is going to faint or her illness is going to increase and she is unable to make up the fasts then she must feed a poor person for every day that she missed.


8. Question: Is it permissible to break my fast with the provision from the earnings of someone who works in an interest-based bank as this person is my guardian? Is it even permissible to eat or use anything afterwards from his earnings providing that I have no income but I'm striving towards it?

Answer: If this person has reached the age of puberty and he has the ability to earn his own money then he must do so and he must look for a means of provision in a permissible way. If however, he cannot, then he must only eat out of necessity. So it is upon him to search for a permissible form or means of provision.

 

9. Question: I want to be able to increase in doing more good deeds in Ramadhaan so that I can increase in eemaan, please advise us on ways which will motivate us to do so.

Answer: Increasing in practicing righteous actions is something that the religion encourages. Allaah سبحانه وتعالى said,

فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ

{..so compete in good deeds…} [Al-Maa`idah 5:48]

And He سبحانه وتعالى said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا ارْكَعُوا وَاسْجُدُوا وَاعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُوا الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

{O you who have believed! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.} [Al-Hajj 22:77]

Allaah سبحانه و تعالى encourages the increase of practising righteous actions as does His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. A Muslim must make use of this time when he is eager to practice good and he must stay away from all his desires. He should not say to himself for example, “This action is something small so I will not practice it” because Allaah سبحانه و تعالى blesses a righteous act even if it were small or little. Also, a person should not say, “This sin is small,” because this sin may be the reason for evil or a lot of evil to come his way and may be a cause for him to receive punishment whether the punishment comes sooner or later. Likewise, a Muslim must safeguard his heart - he must make use of the times when he is eager to practice righteous actions. He must make use of his youth and practicing such actions at times that he is eager to do so. This is because a person does not know when he will be able to practice such actions in the future and likewise, he does not know when he will die and as stated by the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم, “When a person dies all of his actions are cut off except for three: knowledge that people benefit from, a righteous child who will make du`aa for him and a continuous sadaqah.”[3]

 

10. Question: When one of my parents fast they are extra angry and behave in a way that does not indicate they are fasting, what can I do to help as they do not accept da`wah from me?

Answer: Anger is something that is customary or from his personality and it is not due to fasting. Fasting has different effects on people including having beautiful manners, having patience and being tolerant. So anger cannot be due to one’s fasting. There is another reason why this person may not be able to control his anger; he may not have accustomed himself to being patient. However, if he strives to control himself while fasting and he remembers that he is fasting and he remembers the reward that Allaah سبحانه وتعالى has set for the fasting person and he also remembers Allaah’s سبحانه وتعالى punishment and he remembers the evidences encouraging people to have patience, tolerance and to be kind, he would be calm and his anger would subside. The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم saw a person who was angry and said that “I know a statement that if he were to say it his anger would subside. If he said,

أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم

I seek refuge with Allaah from ash-shaytaan ar-rajeem.” [4] So a person must have strong resolve and control himself and he must know that fasting leads to all types of good manners and fasting does not lead to anger, nor does it lead to a deficiency in patience.


11. Question: What is the ruling on distributing gifts to the children on the day of `Eed?

Answer: This is from the actions which are permissible as it causes the Muslim to be happy, whether he is small, young or old; it is something mustahabb (recommended) and there is nothing wrong with it.


12. Question: I have a medical condition that causes me to bleed for lengthy periods of time. My normal menses is 6 days but because of this condition I may bleed a lot longer. If this happens what should I do?

Answer: If this blood is the blood of haydh (menses) at the time of her period of menses, then it is the blood of haydh and she must refrain from fasting and praying until her menses is over. However, if the blood is not the blood of haydh meaning that it is istihaadhah. So if a woman has a specific period (duration) of her menses which does not increase nor decrease and if she has blood in that period of time, then she must refrain from fasting and praying. However, if the blood comes at a time when it is not her specific time of menses - whether it is at a different time, or it increases from her period, then this is not from haydh meaning that it is nazeef (bleeding, haemorrhage) and it does not prevent her from praying or fasting. So if her period increases over the period of time that she usually has her menses then she must perform ghusl and fast, and when she wants to pray then she protects herself from the blood and prays as istihaadah does not prevent one from praying or fasting.

 

13. Question: Every year zakaat on my gold jewellery is due in Shaabaan but I pay my zakaat in Ramadhaan hoping for much reward, is this correct? Also, is zakaat obligatory on 9 karat gold or gold-plated ornaments?

Answer: Zakaat is obligated at its time i.e. a year passes over the wealth that you have, but if it is delayed to Ramadhaan then it is considered as delayed but in any case it should suffice. He should take his zakaat out and give it to those who deserve it.

As for gold, what is considered as the nisaab (minimum amount on which zakaat is due) is 85 grams of gold and the zakaat on it is a quarter of a tenth (2.5%). He must take his zakaat out and give it to those who deserve it and if he has more than 85g of gold then he must calculate 2.5% of it and give it in zakaat.

 

14. Question: There exist 2 different calendar having 2 different times for the start of Fajr time. In one Fajr time starts early and in the other Fajr time starts late. What should one do?

Answer: There is no problem with this differing of time in the prayer in America if the differing is within a few minutes after the time has entered. Because the time period of the prayer has a beginning time and it also has an ending time. So if there is a differing between these two times (the beginning time and the ending time) then there is no problem in this.

Salaatul-Fajr starts when the Fajr is visible (at dawn) and its ending time is right before the sun rises. The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم used to pray during ghalas meaning during darkness before the light started to appear. Some of the schools of jurisprudence used to delay the Fajr salaah until the light started to appear, but before sunrise. However, one should not delay the prayer until it is just before sunrise, but if it is before that then there is no harm in this. As I already stated, one should not delay the salaah until its last time, and always praying Fajr when the light starts to appear is contrary to the Sunnah because as you have already heard, the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم used to pray Fajr in extreme darkness. Likewise, it is not permissible to pray Fajr before its time comes in.

Similarly with Dhuhr - it starts right after the sun moves from its midpoint and its time period goes until `Asr comes in. Maghrib starts when the sun sets and ends when the red line in the sky disappears; Ishaa’ starts at that time of the disappearance of the red line, and goes until a third of the night. So there is no problem in a delay as long as you are within the beginning time and the ending time. However, a person should not delay his salaah until its last time because this person may enter into the time when it is only permitted to pray out of necessity, as there are two times for the prayer, a time period when it is permissible for you to pray and a time period when you can only pray out of necessity and this is the last moments right before the ending of the time period of the salaah. And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى knows best.

 

We thank Allaah for His tawfeeq and we thank our honourable Shaykh for making himself available even though he is extremely busy and we also thank you all for coming today to seek knowledge for the pleasure of Allaah. May Allaah give us the tawfeeq to act on the knowledge we have gained in the best manner.


References

[1] With the following wording, Shaykh al-Albaaneeرحمه الله says mawdoo’ in Da`eef at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (#596).

لو يعلم العباد ما رمضان لتمنت أمتي أن تكون السنة كلها رمضان

[2] Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree as part of a longer hadeeth in The Book of Fasting (كتاب الصوم), Hadeeth (#1810).

صوموا لرؤيته وأفطروا لرؤيته

[3] Found with the following wording in Saheeh Muslim, The Book of Wills and Testaments (كتاب الوصية), Hadeeth (#1631).

إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عنه عمله إلا من ثلاثة: إلا من صدقة جارية. أو علم ينتفع به. أو ولد صالح يدعو له

[4] Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, The Book of Manners (كتاي الأدب), Hadeeth (#5764).

إني لأعلم كلمة، لو قالها لذهب عنه ما يجد، لو قال: أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم