...andHold on to the Rope of Allaah

By: Shaykh AleeRaazi At-Tuwayjaree حفظه الله

Delivered on: Saturday, August 21, 2004
 

 Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيم
(In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy)


Indeed all praise is due to Allaah the Lord of the Worlds. And may Hispeace and blessings be upon the Noble Messenger, his family,Companions, all of them until the Day of Judgment.


Introduction to the Shaykh

Our Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى is a well known scholar in Saudi Arabia. Heis a teacher and professor at The Islaamic University of Madeenahal-Munawwarah in the College of Qur'aan and Tafseer. From amongst hisMashaaikh are Ash-Shaykh, al-Imaam, 'Abdul 'Azeez 'Abdullah ibn Baazرحمه الله Ash-Shaykh, Al-Imaam, Al-Faqeeh, Muhammad ibn Saalihal-'Uthaymeen رحمه الله Ash-Shaykh, Al-Imaam, Al-Muhaddith, 'AbdulMuhsin al-Abbad al-Badr حفظه الله تعالى.


Introduction to the Lecture

The Shaykh حفظه الله began by mentioning the Name of Allah the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy, and continued with Khutbatul-Haajah.

Indeed all praise is due to Allaah. We praise Him, we seek His Help andHis Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Him from the evil of our souls andthe wrongdoings and consequences of our actions. Whosoever Allaahguides, there is none to misguide. Whomsoever Allaah misguides, thereis none to guide. I bear witness that none has the right to beworshipped in truth except Allaah. And I bear witness that ProphetMuhammad صلى الله عليه وسلمis His slave and Messenger. May Allaahbestow His Salaat on him, his family, his companions and all those who follow them till Yawm ad-Deen. To proceed:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
{O you who believe! Fear Allaah (by doingall that He has ordered and by abstaining from all that He hasforbidden) as He should be feared. (Obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always,) and die notexcept in a state of Islaam [as Muslims (with complete submission toAllaah)].}
[Aal-'Imraan 3:102]

وَاعْتَصِمُواْبِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَاللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنتُمْ أَعْدَاء فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْفَأَصْبَحْتُم بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَكُنتُمْ عَلَىَ شَفَا حُفْرَةٍمِّنَ النَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنْهَا
كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
{And hold fast, all of you together, tothe Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur'aan), and be not divided amongyourselves, and remember Allaah's Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together,so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islaamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it.Thus Allaah makes His Aayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided.}
[Aal-'Imraan 3:103]

This is after Allaah سبحانه وتعالى tells the people, after giving them the characteristic of being believers, Al-Mu’minoonto fear Him, and this is by doing what He orders and by staying awayfrom what He has prohibited. And as in the hadith narrated by IbnMas'ood رضي الله عنه:
يقول بن مسعود رضي الله عنه إذا سمعت:” يا أيها الذين آمنوا “ فارعَها سمعُك فإنه خيرٌ تُؤمَرُ به أو شَرٌ تُنهَى عنه
"Ifyou hear 'O you who believe...!' then listen to it as it is either goodyou are ordered to do or evil you are ordered to stay away from." [1]

And we must fear Allaah as He should be feared by holding fast to theRope of Allaah and by holding fast to Allaah Himself. And this holdingfast is holding on to what you are ordered (to do) and staying firmupon it and it keeps one away from that which is forbidden. And thereis no safety without these two (matters), and being happy in this liferevolves around (these two matters):
1) Holding on to the Rope of Allaah will save you from being misguided and
2) Holding on to Allaah will keep you away from punishment and destruction.
Our Shaykhحفظه الله went on to say that Ibnul Qayyim رحمه الله said:
فأما الاعتصام بحبله: فإنه يعصم من الضلالة والاعتصام به: يعصم من الهلكة
“Holding on to the Rope of Allaah is security from misguidance andholding fast to Allaah Himself is security from destruction.” [2]

So holding on to the Rope of Allaah necessitates guidance (for theindividuals who do so). And holding on to Allaah Himself brings forthpower, readiness, arms, strength, righteousness, highness, and might.And the sayings of Salaf differ in their interpretation of ‘Rope of Allaah’. So Ibn 'Abbaas رضي الله عنهم said: "Holding on to the Rope of Allaah is holding on to the Deen of Allah."

and Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه said: "It is the Jama'ah” and he said “andupon you is to hold on to the Jama'ah as it is the Rope of Allaah thatHe has ordered us with and this holding fast together is better thanbeing apart.”

Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه and others also said, "It is the Qur'aan."

And in a narration from Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه it is reported that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه و على آله و سلم said:
إن هذا القرآن حبل الله والنور المبين والشفاء النافع عصمة لمن تمسك به ونجاة لمن اتبعه
"TheQur'aan is the Rope of Allaah and it is the light which guides and itis the medicine that is beneficial and it is what protects fromdestruction."[3]

And it is reported that 'Alee رضي الله عنه said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
هو حبل الله المتين وهو الذكر الحكيم وهو الصراط المستقيم هو الذي لا تزيغبه الأهواء ولا تلتبس به الألسنة ولا يشبع منه العلماء ولا يخلق على كثرة
"The Qur'aan is the strong Rope of Allaah and it is the WiseRemembrance and it is the Straight Path. And it is what the tonguecannot deviate from. And no matter how much it is repeated it cannot be worn out (by beingread too much) and the 'Ulamaa’ (scholars) do not get enough of it." [4]

And this Rope of Allaah is submitting and being obedient to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and staying away from splitting.

And the Shaykh حفظه الله said: And do not be like the Jews and the Christians by splitting into sects.

And in the Muwatta of Imaam Maalik, on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah, رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
إن الله يرضى لكم ثلاثا ويسخط لكم ثلاثا يرضى لكم أن تعبدوه ولا تشركوا بهشيئا وأن تعتصموا بحبل الله جميعا وأن تناصحوا من ولاه الله أمركم
"Allaah is pleased with three things from you, and He is angry withthree things from you. He is pleased that you worship Him and do notassociate anything with Him, and that you take hold of the rope ofAllaah altogether, and that you give good counsel to the one to whom Allaah gives command over you..." [5]

And with regards to the different interpretations, they are not contradictory interpretations; it all means the same thing.

And Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله as he said in Minhaj As-Sunnah "TheRope of Allaah is Al-Islaam and obedience, and submission, andsincerity, and holding fast and being firm and being with the Jama'ah"

And this is true. The Qur’aan has ordered with Islaam, and obedience, and submission, and sincerity, and holding fast, and the Jama'ah. And the truth of all this goes back to al-Ikhlaas:having complete sincerity to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and this is takenfrom the Sahaaba, and the Tabi'een, and those who followed them inrighteousness (as-Salaf-us-Saalih).

And it is narrated from Ibn Jareer in his Tafsir from Qataadah رحمه الله that he said about this Aayah:
وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ
{...and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allâh's Favour on you...} [Aal-'Imraan 3:103]

عن قتادة: ولا تفرّقوا واذكروا نعمة الله عليكم إنّ الله عز وجل قد كرهلكم الفُرْقة، وقدّم إليكم فيها، وحذّركموها، ونهاكم عنها، ورضي لكم السمعَ والطاعة والألفة والجماعة، فارضوا لأنفسكم ما رضى الله لكم إن استطعتم، ولا قوّة إلا بالله
"He warned against splitting and prohibited it. And He ordered withlistening and obeying and love between each other and holding fast tothe Jama'ah and being upright. And there is no power or might except with Allaah." [6]

The Shaykh حفظه الله mentioned that we will be talking about the Bookof Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم on certainpoints using evidences from the Qur'aan and the Sunnah (related to theaffair of holding fast to the Rope of Allaah).

The points to be focused upon on are as follows:
Firstly: Holding fast to the Qur'aan using proofs from Qur'aan

Secondly: Holding fast to Qur'aan by using proofs from Sunnah

Thirdly: Holding fast to the Sunnah by using the Aayaat from the Qur'aan

Fourthly: Holding fast to the Sunnah using the Ahadeeth as proof then bringing the Aayaat in warning against contradicting the Qur'aan and Sunnah.
So we will be using Ahadeeth and Aayaat to prove the danger of contradicting the Qur'aan and the Sunnah.


Proofs from the Qur’aan

And from the proofs from the Qur'aan for holding on to the Qur'aan:
كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُوْلُوا الْأَلْبَابِ
{(This is) a Book (the Qur'aan) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember.} [Saad 38:29]

And Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says:
وَهَـذَا كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَاتَّقُواْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
{And this is a blessed Book (the Qur'aan)which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allaah (i.e. do notdisobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell).} [al-An'aam 6:155]

إِنَّ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنَ يِهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُالْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًاكَبِيرًا
{Verily, this Qur'aan guides to thatwhich is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers(in the Oneness of Allaah and His Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise). } [al-Israa 17:9]

فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُم مِّنِّي هُدًى فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقَى
{Then if there comes to you guidancefrom Me, then whoever follows My Guidance he shall neither go astraynor shall be distressed.} [TaaHaa 20:123]

وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَن ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَى
{But whosoever turns away from MyReminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur'aan nor acts on itsteachings), verily, for him is a life of hardship,
and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.}
[TaaHaa 20:124]

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَتَّبِعُ مَا يِوحَى إِلَيَّ مِن رَّبِّي هَـذَا بَصَآئِرُمِن رَّبِّكُمْ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ ~ وَإِذَاقُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُواْ لَهُ وَأَنصِتُواْ لَعَلَّكُمْتُرْحَمُونَ
{Say: "I but follow what is revealed tome from my Lord. This (the Qur'aan) is nothing but evidences from yourLord, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe." ~ So, whenthe Qur'aan is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you mayreceive mercy [i.e. during the compulsory congregational prayers whenthe Imaam (of a mosque) is leading the prayer (except SurahAl-Faatihah), and also when he is delivering the Friday-prayerKhutbah]. } [al-A'raaf 7:203-204]

And these are the meanings of what is in the Qur'aan.


Proofs from the Sunnah

The Shaykh حفظه الله went on to say: “As for the proofs from the Sunnahof the Messenger of Allaah, صلى الله عليه و على آله و سلم is what isnarrated in Saheeh Muslim:

وقد تركت فيكم ما لن تضلوا بعده إن اعتصمتم به كتاب الله
"...I have left among you the Book of Allaah, and if you hold fast to it, you would never go astray..." [7]

And he said:
وأنا تارك فيكم ثقلين أولهما كتاب الله فيه الهدى والنور فخذوا بكتاب الله واستمسكوا به هُوَ حَبْلُ اللَّهِ مَنْ اتَّبَعَهُ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَى وَمَنْ تَرَكَهُ كَانَ عَلَى ضَلَالَةٍ
"I have left two things, the Book of Allah, it is guidance and light sotake from it and hold fast to it and it is the Rope of Allah,whoever sticks to it will be guided, whoever leaves it will be misguided and go towards destruction." [8]

And Tabaraanee narrated in his Kabeer in Saheeh at-Targheebfrom `Alee ibn Abi Taalib رضي الله عنه that the Messenger of Allaah صلىالله عليه وسلم came out to us one day and he was frightened, and hesaid:
أطيعوني ما كنت بين أظهركم وعليكم بكتاب الله أحلوا حلاله وحرموا حرامه رواه الطبراني في الكبير
"Be obedient to me as long as I am with you, and upon you is holdingonto to Book of Allaah to make halaal what it has made halaal and to make haraam what it has made haraam." [9]


In Imam Malik's Muwatta , and also found in al-Haakim and declared Hassan by al-Albaanee رحمه الله that he صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما إن تمسكتم بهما: كتاب الله وسنتي ولن يتفرقا حتى يردا على الحوض
"I have left behind amongst you two things, the Book of Allaah and mySunnah, and they will not be separated from each other until you meetme at the Pond (al-Hawd) [the river that the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه و سام will be given on the Day of Judgement]." [10]

Tabaraanee narrated from Abee Shurayh al-Khuzaa’ee that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سام said:
إن هذا القرآن سبب طرفه بيد الله وطرفه بأيديكم فتمسكوا به فإنكم لن تضلوا ولن تهلكوا بعده أبدا
رواه الطبراني في الكبير بإسناد جيد
This Qur'aan is like a rope, one side is with Allaahسبحانه و تعالى andthe other side is with you, so hold on fast to it so that you may beguided. So if you hold to it you will never go astray and you will not be destroyed. [11]

* * * This is where the lecture ended – it appears to be incomplete as the call ended suddenly * * *



A statement from the organizers at AlBaseerah.org:


All praise is for Allaah the Lord of the worlds and may His Peace andBlessings be upon the Noble Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سام.

O slaves of Allaah, may Allaah preserve you all, as it is clear from the theme of the conference:
وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ
"And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur'aan), and be not divided among yourselves." [Aal-'Imraan 3:103]

…what a beautiful and lofty theme of this blessed conference. Itsbeauty and loftiness can never be witnessed, and its sweetness cannotbe tasted until we reflect upon it openly.

By the way, brothers and sisters, this is something (referring to thetheme of the conference) we all desire and something for which we haveall gathered. It is one of the few most important obligations of ourtimes. But in order for us to accomplish this goal, this affair mustnot be a lip service. Rather we must fully understand its implicationsand strive to cure all problems related to this issue from its root.

O my noble brothers and sisters in Islaam, may Allaah bless you alltremendously. Know that the theme of this conference did not come ‘outof the blue’, rather this (uniting the Muslims upon the truth) issomething that the scholars are talking about in their lectures,commanding about it, and highlighting in almost every lecture.

All praise belongs to Allaah, we were blessed to have with us as-Shaykh'Abdullaah Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Ghudyaan, Shaykh Muhammad Ibn 'AbdullaahAs-Subayl, Shaykh Rabee' Ibn Haadi Al-Madkhali, and now, ash-Shaykh,al-Doctor, Ali Ibn Raazi At-Tuwayjari, may Allaah preserve them all.

Brothers and sisters in Islaam, the theme of this conference is adirect result of what is being witnessed of division and differencesbetween Salafi brothers and sisters globally more so in Westerncountries.

O slaves of Allaah. The theme of this conference is based on the command and direct order of our Lord:
وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ
"And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur'aan), and be not divided among yourselves." [Aal-'Imraan 3:103]


Alhamdullillaah that He allowed us to hold this conference; so letevery single one of us thank Allaah سبحانه و تعالى for making thisevent possible and a success. And then let us all thank all those whoorganized and worked towards holding and having this conference. Wethank Allaah عز و جل for giving us the ability and tawfeeq to hold the conference and making it possible and a success.

O slaves of Allaah! Let everyone of us actively strive towards unity upon the truth.

Let us put our personal differences and problems aside.

Let us start on a fresh page.

Let us manifest and be a live example of brotherhood based upon Faith.

Let us show brotherhood in its purest form in our speech and actions.

Let us promise ourselves that we will not we leave this room withoutshaking hands with those who we have problems with or who we abandonedbecause of personal problems.

Let us look to our right the left and turn to those who we oppressedand seek forgiveness and pardon after seeking forgiveness from Allaah.

And let us stop the discord and race and be quick to shake hands andgive salaams to those from amongst the people of the truth whom we havediscord with. Chit-chatting, shaking hands and giving salaams to your friends is not the comprehensive understanding of the theme of this conference:


وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ
"And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allaah (i.e. this Qur'aan), and be not divided among yourselves." [Aal-'Imraan 3:103]

Rather go to someone who you have a problem with, shaking his hand and welcoming him with all your heart is indeed effective towards unity and stopping the discord.


Brothers and sisters in Islaam, after thanking Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Iwould like to take this opportunity to extend gratitude and sincerelythank the Administration of Madinah Masjid and Madinah Academy forhosting this conference and taking great care of their guests. Brothersand sisters in Islaam please join me in thanking and making du’aa forall those who contributed in making this conference a tremendoussuccess and of course special thanks to the Imaam of the masjid Abu‘Umar Muhammad حفظه الله and Umm Ibraaheem حفظها الله for their greatcooperation, extraordinary spirit and hard work.

I also feel obligated to thank all the brothers and sisters who workedday and night organizing, planning, and holding this event. And the topof them, those hardworking brothers, are our beloved brothers MuhammadSalamaat, Muhammad Sulaymaan, (names unclear), Omar Shaakir and IkhwanShabazz. May Allaah bless them all for their efforts and for their parexcellent job, and may Allaah سبحانه و تعالى reward them with the bestin the dunya and best of the Hereafter.


Unfortunately, we are not able to get back in touch with the Shaykh ashis phone is still busy. So inshaa-Allaah ta 'aala, we will wrap up andend here today.

Glory be to You O Allaah, and to You belongs all praise and thanks. Ibear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. Iseek your forgiveness and to You I turn in repentance.


References

[1] Tafseer Ibn Katheer – 1/374 Al-Baqarah 2:104

[2] Kitaab Madaarij as-Saalikeen Vol. 1 pg. 460

[3] Sheikh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله says Da’eef (Weak) in Da’eef at-Targheeb wa Tarheeb 1/216 (#867)

[4] Reported by At-Tirmidhee (#2906), Sheikh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله saysDa’eef (Weak) in Jaami’ as-Sagheer 3/87 (#74) and Mishaatu l-Masaabeeh1/484 (#2138)

[5] Reported by Imaam Maalik in Kitaab al-Kalaam (#1796), SheikhAl-Albaanee رحمه الله says Saheeh in Jaami’ as-Sagheer 7/223 (#1895)

[6] Tafseer At-tabaree 7/74 (#7575) – Surah Aali Imraan 3:103

[7] Saheeh Muslim (The Book of Pilgrimage), Chapter: Performing Hajj and 'Umra Separately, Hadeeth (#1218)

[8] Reported by Muslim in Kitaab al-Fadhaail as-Sahaabah (#2408) (part of a longer hadeeth)

[9] Reported by Tabaraanee in Kitaab al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer (#14495)Sheikh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله says Saheeh in Saheeh at-Targheebwat-Tarheeb (#42)

[10] Reported by Maalik in Kitaab al-Qadar (#1594) (only the first partof the hadeeth) and Haakim in Kitaab al-‘Ilm (#319) Sheikh Al-Albaaneeرحمه الله said Hasan in Manzilatu Sunnah fil-Islaam 1/18

[11] Reported by Tabaraanee in Kitaab al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer (#17941)Sheikh Al-Albaanee رحمه الله said Saheeh in Saheeh at-Targheebwat-Tarheeb (#38) and in Silsilah as-Saheehah 2/330 (#713)