Tajweed Resources

Rules of Recitation

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

What follows are explanations of the Tajweed rules in the English language based on the definitions from the official website for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da`wah and Guidance: www.al-Islam.com. A few additional notes have been added to make it easier for the English reader Inshaa’Allaah. May Allaah accept this effort and benefit the readers by it. Wal-hamdulillaahi Rabbil`aalameen was-salaatu was-sallam `alaa Muhammad, aameen.


TYPES OF STOPS

  • Compulsory, Permissible (Sufficient, Equality, Good), Precautionary, Prohibited, Moderate Pause

TYPES OF HAMZAH

  • Disjunctive, Conjunctive (Fathah, Dammah, Kasrah, Deletion)

THE VIBRATION (AL-QALQALAH)

  • Degrees: Lesser, Moderate, Great

THE NOON AND NUNNATION

  • Turning, Assimilation (With and Without Ghunnah), Manifestation (Absolute and Guttural), True Concealment

THE NOON AND THE MEEM

  •  Doubled Noon, Doubled Meem

THE NON-VOWELLED MEEM

  • Labial Manifestation, Labial Concealment, Small Assimilation of the Two Identical Letters

THE NON-VOWELLED LAAM

  • Definite Laam, Verbal Laam, Particle Laam

TYPES OF LENGTHENING

  • Original (At Stop and Continuation, In Connected Speech, At Stop), Derived (Connected Madd, Separated Madd, Exposed to Sukoon, Substitute, Compulsory)

MEETING OF TWO NON-VOWELLED LETTERS

  • Deleting the First, Vowelling the First ( Kasrah, Fathah, Dammah)

HEAVINESS / LIGHTNESS

  •  Degrees of Heaviness, According to Position, Lightness

MEETING OF LETTERS

  • Identical Letters, Proximate Letters, Similar Letters