A: He is required to offer a sacrificial animal for each time he passed the Miqat without entering into the state of Ihram for Hajj or 'Umrah. The sacrificial animal has to be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat should be distributed to the poor. One seventh of a she-camel or a cow will be sufficient. This person should make Tawbah (repentance) to Allah (may He be Praised) as it is not permissible for the Muslim to pass the Miqat without entering into the state of Ihram for Hajj or 'Umrah. This is based on the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in which he defined different Miqats for its people. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "And these Miqats are for the people at those very places, as well as for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and 'Umrah;" Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: "If anyone misses or forgets to perform any ritual (during Hajj), he should slaughter an animal''. May Allah help us all do that which is loving and pleasing to Him.
[Fataawa Shaykh Ibn Baaz - Alifta.net]