Q: Two years ago, I performed Hajj with my mother. We went to `Arafah on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah. We headed off at 2:00 pm on the eighth of Dhul-Hijjah. We sat with the multitudes of pilgrims on the ninth until sunset. Then we joined the pilgrims to Muzdalifah. We arrived there at 7:00 pm and remained until 2:00 am. Then we went to Jamrat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj, Jamrat Al-`Aqabah being the closest to Makkah). Afterwards, we headed off to Makkah where we performed Tawaf-ul-Ifadah (final obligatory circumambulation around the Ka`bah in Hajj) and Sa`y (going between Safa and Marwah during Hajj). Then we went back to Mina at 5:30 am. A couple accompanied us and the husband was a guide for us as he had performed Hajj more than once. Please explain to me whether our Hajj was performed correctly. Someone told us that we were wrong to leave before morning. After we returned from Makkah, we stayed at Mina for the three Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) during which we threw pebbles (at the stone pillars during Hajj) at noon. Then we returned to Makkah again to make Tawaf-ul-Wada` (circumambulation around the Ka`bah on leaving Makkah) which my mother could not perform because she was overtaken by menstruation. I kept her outisde Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah). My mother was terribly exhausted. Please inform us whether her Hajj is valid. If not, can I perform Hajj on her behalf since I have performed Hajj twice on my own behalf? If we are required to offer Fidyah (ransom), how can we do that? Do we have to offer it in Makkah or in our country?
Spending the night at Mina on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah
A: It is an act of Sunnah (commendable act) to stay overnight at Mina on the eighth of Dhul-Hijjah. There is nothing wrong in not staying overnight at Mina on this day and heading for `Arafah after sunrise. It is also an act of Sunnah to stay at Muzdalifah until dawn and after you perform Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.
However, there is nothing wrong if pilgrims, who are in the company of weak people, proceed from Muzdalifah at any time after midnight. If the reality is as you mentioned, there is nothing wrong with your Hajj nor with the Hajj of your mother.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'